The disappearance of elephants from verso bioenergetic viewpoint

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The disappearance of elephants from verso bioenergetic viewpoint

The disappearance of elephants from verso bioenergetic viewpoint

Gesher Benot Yaaqov (GBY): GBY is a Lower-Middle Pleistocene Acheulian site sopra Israel, dated sicuro 780 kyr BP. The site is located on the shore of an ancient paleo lake mediante the Upper Galilee . The sedimentary sequence of GBY consists of some 34 m of lake-margin deposits, and the duration of the entire depositional sequence is estimated onesto be ca. 50 kyr . Elephant remains are found con many occupation levels at the site ( and see our Table 4 below and Tables S3 and S4) and one particular context reflects evidence for verso purposeful setting aimed at the extraction of the brain from an elephant skull . The site is considered as an example of the migration of African H. erectus into the Levant and exhibits significant behavioral characteristics such as the spatial organization of space, the extensive use of basalt for handaxe production, nut-cracking stones, and more .

Qesem Cave: Qesem Cave is a Middle Pleistocene site mediante central Israel, dated esatto 400-200 kyr BP. Cave inhabitants hunted cooperatively, bringing body-parts of fallow deer back preciso the cave, which were then butchered, shared, and – as evidenced by the use of fire throughout the cave’s 7.5 m deep stratigraphy and the many burnt bones – eventually barbecued (see , , ).